In 2005, with the discovery and synthesis of graphene, studies on material physics have been focused on 2D materials. 2D materials bring characteristic differences to the structural, electronic and optical properties of materials with their interesting physical properties.
The number of graphene-like 2D materials synthesized in laboratories increases day by day. 2D materials are more flexible than other materials and they can be used in optoelectronic technology with the help of electronic features which can be controlled by energy band intervals. New generation transistors, led technology, biomedical devices, supercapacitors are available in many applications.